News

Mass. GOP Ticket At Odds Over Trans Rights

by Kilian Melloy
Tuesday Apr 20, 2010

The recent election of Republican Scott Brown to fill the vacancy left by the demise of famously liberal Massachusetts Sen. Ted Kennedy notwithstanding, the state is still generally liberal on social issues. Republican challengers to Massachusetts Gov. Patrick Deval are uniformly pro-marriage equality and pro-choice, but they have found one GLBT issue that might energize a conservative base more interested in economic issues than social controversies: a bill that offers anti-discrimination protections to the state's transgendered residents.

Conservatives have launched attacks against such legislation in a number of states, characterizing it as a "bathroom bill" that would give rapists, child molesters, and peeping toms access to facilities reserved for women. Despite such rhetoric, cities in Montana and Florida have passed anti-discrimination ordinances relevant to transgendered residents. In Maine, the issue was exploited by groups seeking to scrap Maine's human rights legislation outright.

But when Republican gubernatorial contender Charles D. Baker attacked a bill that would prohibit anti-trans discrimination in Massachusetts, he was immediately accused of "flip-flopping" by GLBT equality advocates, reported The Boston Globe on April 20. Baker, the article noted, has played to the liberal sensibilities of Massachusetts voters by declaring his support for marriage equality and taking Richard Tisei, an openly gay candidate, as a running mate.

Though conservative voters have shown more interest lately in substantive issues such as the economy, anti-gay groups have pushed the so-called "bathroom argument" as a new socially conservative touchstone, warning of the perils and perversions of men using the women's restroom--even if those men identify as women.

Although many people mistakenly believe that transgendered individuals are simply gays or lesbians who dress and live as members of the opposite sex, the issue is more complex--and distinct from sexual orientation: transgendered people frequently insist from extremely early ages that they are actually members of the opposite gender, despite their physical anatomy. Though the phenomenon is rare, transgendered people are so deeply convinced of their true sexual identity that some say that they have only experienced a sense of comfort and belonging in their own bodies after having undergone sex reassignment surgery.

Others are content to dress and live as members of the gender to which they belong, without undergoing the surgery and hormone treatments they would need to transition; the use of restroom facilities that match their gender identity is part of what trans people see as the rights that are denied them. The political debate, such as it is, focuses on people who are anatomically male, but identify as female. (Those who attack trans-inclusive anti-discrimination bills do not seem to identify anatomical females using men's rooms as a social menace.)

The Globe reported that after social conservatives made an issue of Tisei's support for the anti-discrimination bill, Baker was hasty to distance himself from it, referring to the measure as "the bathroom bill" and issuing a leaflet that said he would veto such a bill were he governor. But GLBT equality advocates noted that the company he headed until recently, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, mandates equal protections for all its current and prospective employees--including transgendered individuals.

"It appears Charlie Baker was for transgender civil rights before he was against them," MassEquality's DeeDee Edmondson said in a statement. "Given Harvard Pilgrim Health Care's history of protecting employees from discrimination based on gender identity, which happened under Charlie Baker's watch, we were surprised to hear of his opposition to the Transgender Civil Rights Bill."

"Saturday's comments stand, and that's Charlie's position on the issue," responded a Baker spokesperson, Rick Gorka.

"While I oppose discrimination of any kind, the sponsors of this bill wrote it with a sledgehammer approach that could radically change the social landscape in the interest of protecting a small interest group," stated another candidate, The article noted that another candidate, State Treasurer Timothy P. Cahill. "That is wrong." Added Cahill, "My opponent Charlie Baker claims he opposes the bill, but when he had to pick a running mate, he picked Richard Tisei, one of the lead cosponsors of the bill."

The current governor of Massachusetts, Patrick Deval, supports the bill, the article said.

The rhetoric about so-called "bathroom bills" may be short on nuance, but it gives Republicans politicians something with which to woo conservative voters who are still concerned about issues such as sexual minorities. In Massachusetts, the state that first legalized marriage equality six years ago, similar issues--such as marriage equality itself--may still carry a charge, but politicians prefer to skirt around it; Scott Brown attempted to help then-Gov. Mitt Romney derail marriage equality in the state before it could take effect, but today he dismisses the issue by saying that it has been "settled" in Massachusetts. And in an earlier Globe story, from Jan. 11 of this year, Baker attempted to deflect inquiries about GLBT equality by hammering on a message of fiscal responsibility and lower taxes.

Indeed, though Tisei's positions have come under attack, his sexuality has largely been ignored--at least on the surface; but a Dec. 14, 2009 story in New England GLBT publication Bay Windows noted that for some Republicans in the Bay State, the issue of sexuality is still very much alive. The article quoted one blogger, who observed that, "The same people vilifying Tisei had no problem whatsoever of enthusiastically supporting candidates with essentially the same voting record--pro-choice, pragmatic conservatism on fiscal issues, save for one issue. Three guesses what the issue in question is." That blogger and others posting comments to website www.redmassgroup.com seemed to be dancing around the issue but making it plain that for some, Tisei's sexuality was the main sticking point.

"You're always going to have your zealots; they're never going to be happy, no matter what, as long as you include 'gay' in 'Republican' or as long as you include 'gay' in any sentence," Michael Motzkin, who previously led the Massachusetts Log Cabin Republicans, told Bay Windows.

And while for many the issue of marriage equality may be "settled" in Massachusetts, others continue to hope that voters there can eventually be persuaded to overturn family parity for gays and lesbians. The so-called "bathroom bill" might prove to be one means to gain traction for anti-GLBT initiatives to come. Said Kris Mineau, leader of the anti-gay Massachusetts Family Institute and opponent of marriage equality, "We're very pleased" about Baker's condemnation of the trans-equality bill, the Globe reported in the April 20 story. "I know that Mr. Baker is very concerned about family values," added Mineau. "He has a lovely family and he's concerned about the environment his children are being raised in, and he basically feels the bill goes too far."

Mineau went on, "Our overall concern is we want to ensure the safety, privacy and modesty of all citizens, and particularly among our most vulnerable is children. And it certainly allayed a lot of concerns when they took that position on the Baker campaign." Added Mineau, "We had not heard Mr. Baker take a formal position and it's obvious he has taken a positive public position."

GLBT equality advocates, however, expressed alarm. "This is his first foray into the tough and heated world of politics in the Republican Party," said the co-chair of the Massachusetts Gay and Lesbian Political Caucus, Arline Isaacson, "and at the first brush fire he sacrificed something important at the altar of political expediency." Added Isaacson, "The bottom line is you can't be halfway for equality. You're either for it or against it."

The measure's lead sponsor, Carl Sciortino, called the so-called "bathroom bill" rhetoric "a scare tactic, pure and simple," adding, "It's catering to the right wing of the Republican Party at the expense of the civil rights of all citizens. But we're going to continue to move forward."

But Baker sought to put a more neutral spin on the issue at a press conference, saying, "I think a guy who supports gay marriage and is pro-choice, and has been pretty clear on those, and picked a gay fella as his running mate, is pretty much not pandering too much of anybody."

Tisei, who was also present, did not comment.

Kilian Melloy serves as EDGE Media Network's Assistant Arts Editor. He also reviews theater for WBUR. His professional memberships include the National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association, the Boston Online Film Critics Association, The Gay and Lesbian Entertainment Critics Association, and the Boston Theater Critics Association's Elliot Norton Awards Committee.


Comments

  • , 2010-04-20 18:02:37

    This was taken from another poster that shows why we need to legalize gay marriage. If you don’t feel for this person after reading it, you simply aren’t human. "I am not sure what our President thinks of this dicission but coming from a poor family and knowing what discrimination is all about I would assume he would not care if "Gays" have equal rights. The whole reason why they are asking for rights to be considered married is from the same reason why I would be for it. My own life partner commited suicide in our home with a gun to his heart. After a 28 year union I was deprived to even go his funeral. We had two plots next to each other. But because we did not have a marriage cirtificate "(Legal Document)" of our union his mother had him cremated and his ashes taken back to Missouri where we came from. That is only one example how painful it is. His suicide tramatized me so much and her disregard for my feelings only added to my heartach. That happened on March 21 of 2007 and I still cannot type this without crying for the trauma I have to endure each day. Oh did I mention I am in an electric wheelchair for life? Yes I am and it is very diffacult to find another mate when you are 58 and in a wheelchair. "


  • , 2010-04-20 18:03:09

    Violence against a minority group http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violence_against_LGBT_people Gays are being beaten, shot at, sent to the hospital, killed. In the Middle East, they are killing gays among other groups out of hatred. Is this what we want America to become? Do we want America to revert back to the 1960’s when groups were killed and segregated against for simply no good reason? Do we want to follow the ways of the Middle East and Al Queda? Let’s push forward, it’s time to end bigotry, discrimination, hate, and ignorance. This is modern America, not the Dark Ages. http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/civilrights/hate.htm


  • , 2010-04-20 18:03:20

    To those of you using the Bible as a weapon against homosexuality, you are wrong. Homosexuality is not a sin. The Bible is constantly being taken out of context to support anti-gay views. Scholars who have studied the Bible in context of the times and in relation to other passages have shown those passages (Leviticus, Corinthians, Romans, etc) have nothing to do with homosexuality. These passages often cherry-picked while ignoring the rest of the Bible. The sins theses passages are referring to are idolatry, Greek temple sex worship, prostitution, pederasty with teen boys, and rape, not homosexuality or two loving consenting adults. http://www.soulfoodministry.org/docs/English/NotASin.htm http://www.jesus21.com/content/sex/bible_homosexuality_print.html http://www.christchapel.com/reclaiming.html http://www.stjohnsmcc.org/new/BibleAbuse/BiblicalReferences.php http://www.gaychristian101.com/ Thats why Jesus never mentions it as well. There is nothing immoral, wrong, or sinful about being gay. Jesus, however, clearly states he HATES hypocrites. If you preach goodness, then promote hate and twist the words of the Bible, you are a hypocrite, and will be judged and sent to hell. Homosexuals will not go to hell, hypocrites will. This is very similar to the religious bigots of the past, where they took Bible passages to condone slavery, keep women down, and used Bible passages to claim blacks as curses who should be enslaved by the white man. People used God to claim that blacks marrying whites was unnatural, and not of God’s will.


  • , 2010-04-20 18:03:33

    For those of you claiming homosexuality is a "lifestyle", that is a false and ignorant statement. Homosexuality is not a choice. Just like you don’t choose the color of your skin, you cannot choose whom you are sexually attracted to. If you can, sorry, but you are not heterosexual, you are bi-sexual. Virtually all major psychological and medical experts agree that sexual orientation is NOT a choice. Most gay people will tell you its not a choice. Common sense will tell you its not a choice. While science is relatively new to studying homosexuality, studies tend to indicate that its biological. http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/03/differential-brain-activation.pdf http://www.newscientist.com/channel/sex/dn14146-gay-brains-structured-like-those-of-the-opposite-sex.html Gay, Straight Men’s Brain Responses Differ http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,155990,00.html http://www.livescience.com/health/060224_gay_genes.html http://www.springerlink.com/content/w27453600k586276/ http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2008/06/16/172/ There is overwhelming scientific evidence that homosexuality is not a choice. Sexual orientation is generally a biological trait that is determined pre-natally, although there is no one certain thing that explains all of the cases. "Nurture" may have some effect, but for the most part it is biological.


  • , 2010-04-20 18:03:45

    The National Library of Medicine pubs confirm that sexual orientation is natural, biologically induced in the first trimester of pregnancy, morally neutral, immutable, neither contagious nor learned, bearing no relation to an individuals ability to form deep and lasting relationships, to parent children, to work or to contribute to society. From the American Psychological Association: homosexuality is normal; homosexual relationships are normal. The American Academy of Pediatrics, American Psychological Asociation and American Psychiatric Asociation have endorsed civil marriage for same-sex couples because marriage strengthens mental and physical health and longevity of couples, and provides greater legal and financial security for children, parents and seniors. America’s premier child/mental health associations endorse marriage equality.


  • , 2010-04-20 21:00:40

    Seems like the Mass. GOP rank and file gives Tisei a pass. After Brown (who has tacitly supported gay marriage in Mass.), the party faithful are getting pretty pragmatic. Dems had best take notice!


  • , 2010-04-20 22:16:50

    Massachusetts has a super majority of Democrats in the Legislature and a Governor who professes to support equal rights for transgendered. Yet the bill has languished for 3 years despite having a majority 104 co-sponsors out of a total of 200 legislators. Mass Equality has been powerless to get the bill passed or even to the floor of the House or Senate. They have done a terrible job on the public relations front. Yet when they do speak its to attack Charlie Baker who is the most progressive republican running for office in the United States? Give me a brake! The guy is great on Gay issues and had the balls to pick a gay running mate, something Democratic Governors have never done. Rather than turn the issue into a partisan one maybe Mass equality and all of the other professional advocates should concentrate more on delivering from the democrats who more often than not take our community for granted!


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